The Story of the Fisherman
There was once a fisherman so old and so poor that he could scarcely manage to support his wife and three children. He went every day to fish very early, and each day he made a rule not to throw his nets out more than four times. He started out one morning before sunrise and came to the sea-shore. He threw his nets, and as he was drawing them towards the bank he felt a great weight. He thought he had caught a large fish, and he felt very pleased. But a moment afterwards, seeing that instead of a fish he only had in his nets a dead donkey, he was much disappointed.
After he had mended his nets, which the body of the donkey had broken in several places, he threw them a second time. When drawing them in he again felt a great weight, so that he thought they were full of fish. But he only found a large basket full of rubbish. He was much annoyed.
“O Fortune,” he cried, “Do not trouble me, a poor fisherman, who can hardly support his family!”
Having said that, he threw away the rubbish, and after having washed his nets clean of the dirt, he threw them out for the third time. But he only drew in stones, shells, and mud. He was almost in despair.
Then he threw his nets out for the fourth time. When he thought he had a fish he drew them in with a great deal of trouble. There was no fish however, but he found a yellow pot, which by its weight seemed full of something, and he noticed that it was tied and sealed with lead. He was delighted. “I will sell it,” he said. “With the money I shall get for it I shall buy some rice.”
He examined the jar on all sides and shook it to see if it would rattle. But he heard nothing, and so he thought there must be something precious inside. To find out, he took his knife, and with a little trouble he opened it. He turned it upside down, but nothing came out, which surprised him very much. He set it in front of him, and while he was looking at it, such a thick smoke came out that he had to step back a step or two. This smoke rose up to the clouds, and stretching over the sea and the shore, formed a thick mist, which caused the fisherman much astonishment. When all the smoke was out of the jar it gathered itself together, and became a genie, twice as large as the largest giant. When he saw such a terrible looking monster, the fisherman would like to have run away, but he trembled so with fright that he could not move a step.
“Great king of the genie,” cried the monster, “I will never again disobey you!”
At these words the fisherman took courage.
“What is this you are saying, great genie? Tell me your story and how you came to be shut up in that jar.”
At this, the genie looked at the fisherman coldly. “Speak to me more politely,” he said, “before I kill you.”
“Alas! Why should you kill me?” cried the fisherman. “I have just freed you; have you already forgotten that?”
“No,” answered the genie, “But that will not prevent me from killing you, and I am only going to grant you one favour, and that is to choose the manner of your death.”
“But what have I done to you?” asked the fisherman.
“I cannot treat you in any other way,” said the genie, “and if you would know why, listen to my story.
“I rebelled against the king of the genies. To punish me, he shut me up in this jar of copper, and he put on the cover his seal, which is enchantment enough to prevent my coming out. Then he had the jar thrown into the sea. During the first period of my imprisonment I promised that if anyone should free me before a hundred years had passed, I would make him rich even after his death. But that century passed, and no one freed me. In the second century I vowed that I would give all the treasures in the world to the person who saved me but he never came.
“In the third, I promised to make him a king, to be always near him, and to grant him three wishes every day; but that century passed away as the other two had done, and I remained in the same unfortunate situation. At last I grew angry at being a prisoner for so long, and I promised that if anyone would release me I would kill him at once, and would only allow him to choose in what manner he should die. So you see, as you have freed me today, choose in what way you will die.”
The fisherman was very unhappy. “What an unlucky man I am to have freed you! I beg you to spare my life.”
“I have told you,” said the genie, “that it is impossible. Choose quickly; you are wasting time.”
The fisherman began to think of a plan.
“Since I must die,” he said, “Before I choose the manner of my death, you must tell me if you were really in that jar?”
“Yes, I was,” answered the genie.
“I really cannot believe it,” said the fisherman. “That jar could not contain one of your feet even, and how could your whole body go in? I cannot believe it unless I see you do it.”
Then the genie began to change himself into smoke, which, as before, spread over the sea and the shore, and which, then collecting itself together, began to go back into the jar slowly till there was nothing left outside. Then a voice came from the jar which said to the fisherman, “Well, unbelieving fisherman, here I am in the jar. Do you believe me now?”
The fisherman instead of answering took the lid of lead and shut it down quickly on the vase.
“Now, O genie,” he cried, “ask forgiveness of me, and choose by what death you will die! But no, it will be better if I throw you into the sea from where I pulled you out, and I will build a house on the shore to warn fishermen who come to throw their nets here, against fishing up such a wicked genie as you are, who wants to kill the man who frees you.”
At these words the genie did all he could to get out, but he could not, because of the enchantment of the lid.
Then he tried to get out by cunning.
“If you will take off the cover,” he said, “I will repay you.”
“No,” answered the fisherman, “if I trust myself to you I am afraid you will treat me as a certain Greek king treated the doctor Douban. Listen and I will tell you.”
The Story of the Greek King and the Physician Douban
In the country of Zouman, in Persia, there lived a Greek king. This king was a leper, and all his doctors had been unable to cure him. One day a very clever physician came to his court.
He was very learned in all languages, and knew a great deal about herbs and medicines.
As soon as he was told of the king’s illness he put on his best robe and presented himself before the king. “Sire,” said he, “I know that no physician has been able to cure Your Majesty, but if you will follow my instructions, I will promise to cure you without any medicines.”
The king listened to this proposal.
“If you are clever enough to do this,” he said, “I promise to make you and your descendants rich for ever.”
The physician went to his house and made a polo club, the handle of which he hollowed out, and put in it the drug he wished to use. Then he made a ball, and with these things he went the next day to the king.
He told him that he wished him to play at polo. The king mounted his horse and went into the place where he played. There the physician approached him with the bat he had made, saying, “Take this, sire, and strike the ball till you feel your hand and whole body warm. When the remedy that is in the handle of the club is warmed by your hand it will penetrate throughout your body. Then you must return to your palace, bath, and go to sleep, and when you awake tomorrow morning you will be cured.”
The king took the club and rode his horse after the ball which he had thrown. He struck it, and then it was hit back by the courtiers who were playing with him. When he felt very hot he stopped playing, and went back to the palace, went into the bath, and did all that the physician had said. The next day when he arose he found, to his great joy and astonishment, that he was completely cured. When he entered his audience chamber all his courtiers, who were eager to see if the wonderful cure had worked, were overwhelmed with joy.
The physician Douban entered the hall and bowed low to the ground. The king, seeing him, called him, made him sit by his side, and showed him every respect.
That evening he presented him with two thousand gold coins. The following day he continued to give him presents.
Now the king had a grand-vizier who was greedy, and envious, and a very bad man. He grew extremely jealous of the physician, and decided to destroy him.
In order to do this he asked to speak in private with the king, saying that he had a most important matter to discuss.
“What is it?” asked the king.
“Sire,” answered the grand-vizier, “It is most dangerous for a king to trust in a man whose loyalty is not proved. You do not know that this doctor is not a traitor come here to kill you.”
“I am sure,” said the king, “that this man is most loyal and good. If he wished to take my life, why did he cure me? Stop speaking against him. I see what it is, you are jealous of him. But do not think that I can be turned against him. I remember well what a vizier said to King Sinbad, his master, to prevent him from putting the prince, his son, to death.”
What the Greek king said made the vizier’s curious, and he said to him, “Sire, please tell me what the vizier said to King Sinbad.”
“He told King Sinbad that one ought not believe everything that a mother-in-law says, and told him this story.”
1.scarcely (adv.) -幾乎不
2.support (v.) –支持，支援
3.seal (n.) –密封
4.lead (n.) –石墨
5.precious (adj.) –寶貴的, 貴重的
6.rebel (v.) –造反, 反叛
7.copper (n.) –銅
8.cunning (adj.) –狡猾的
9.descendant (n.) –子孫, 後裔, 後代
10.leper (n.) –麻瘋病患者
11.physician (n.) –醫師, 內科醫師
12.proposal (n.) –提議, 建議
13.polo (n.) –球, 水球
15.remedy (n.) –藥物
16.penetrate (v.) –穿透, 滲透
17.courtier (n.) –侍臣;廷臣
18.overwhelmed (adj.) –壓倒性的
19.envious (adj.) –嫉妒的, 羡慕的
20.loyalty (n.) –忠誠, 忠心
21. traitor (n.) –叛逆者, 叛國者
1) Choose the best answers.
1.The fisherman never threw his nets out more than
(a) four times.
(b) three times.
(c) five times.
2.The first time he threw his net out he caught
(a) a big fish.
(b) a dead donkey.
(c) a jar.
3.The second time he pulled his net in he found
(a) a jar.
(b) a big fish.
(c) a basketful of rubbish.
4.The genie was in the jar because he
(a) wanted to kill the fisherman.
(b) enjoyed living there.
(c) angered the king of the genies.
5.The genie was in the jar for
(a) over one hundred years.
(b) over two hundred years.
(c) over three hundred years.
6.The genie couldn’t get out of the jar because
(a) there was a magic spell keeping it shut.
(b) he didn’t want to.
(c) he wasn’t strong enough.
7.The genie wanted to kill the fisherman because
(a) he didn’t like fishermen.
(b) he promised to kill the person who opened the jar.
(c) the fisherman put him in the jar.
8.The fisherman didn’t believe the genie
(a) could fit in the jar.
(b) would kill him.
(c) was really a genie.
9.The Greek king was
(a) a doctor.
(b) fit and healthy.
10.None of his doctors
(a) liked to work.
(b) could help him.
(c) were interested in his problems.
11.The physician Douban put the medicine in
(a) a bowl.
(b) a cup.
(c) a bat.
12.The medicine entered the king’s body through
(a) his mouth.
(b) his skin.
(c) his ear.
(a) loved the physician.
(b) was jealous of the physician.
(c) was bored by the physician.
14.The king gave the physician
(a) two thousand gold coins.
(c) his daughter.
15.The grand-vizier told the king that
(a) the physician wanted to kill him.
(b) he should give the physician more money.
(c) he wanted to be a doctor.
2) Answer in complete sentences
1) How did the fisherman feel after he had pulled in his nets for the third time?
2) What did the fisherman want to do with the jar?
3) Why didn’t the fisherman run away when he saw the genie?
4) Why did the genie want to kill the fisherman?
5) How did the fisherman get the genie back in the jar?
6) What did all the doctors fail to do?
7) What was wrong with the Greek king?
8) What did the Greek king promise if the physician could cure him?
9) How long did it take the medicine to cure the king?
10) What kind of man was the grand-vizier?
3) Choose words from the list to complete the sentences. Make any necessary changes.
rebel precious remedy loyalty
proposal overwhelmed cunning
support penetrate scarcely
1. He had _________ put the phone down when the doorbell rang.
2. If you raise it at the meeting, I will _________you.
3. The crown was set with __________ jewels.
4. Most teenagers find something to ________ against.
5. He was as ___________ as a fox.
6. He never came up with a concrete _________ to end the war.
7. There are a number of possible ___________ to this problem.
8. The knife had _________ his chest.
9. She was ________ by feelings of guilt.
10. They swore their __________ to the king.
4) Write T for True or F for False beside these statements about the story.
(a) The fisherman thought the yellow jar had some value. ___
(b) The genie didn’t really want to kill the fisherman. ___
(c) The king had a serious illness. ___
(d) Many doctors knew how to cure him. ___
(e) The vizier was a kind man. ___
5) Find words or phrases in the story similar in meaning to the following.
4.fight against ______________________
8.go into __________________________
6) Complete the following paragraph by putting in the correct form of the verb in brackets.
One day a poor fisherman (cast) ___________ his nets and (pull) ___________ in a small yellow jar. He (be) ____________ very excited because he (think) ____________ it (be) ____________ valuable. However, when he (open) __________ it, a genie (appear)________. Rather than (thank) __________ the fisherman for (free) ___________ him the genie (declare) ___________ that he (be) _________ (go) _____________ (kill) ___________ him. The fisherman (protest),_________ but the genie (pay) _____________ no attention. At last, the fisherman (be) ____________ able (trick) ______________ the genie into (go) _________ back into the jar. Once back inside, the fisherman (threaten) __________ (throw) ____________ the genie back into the sea and this time it (be) _______ the genie’s turn (beg) _____________.